201 essential French verbs

This page provides a list of 201 essential French verbs that will help you develop intermediate-level French vocabulary fast. These verbs are vital to communicate in French in a fluent way on a day to day basis. Memorize them to ensure you achieve a high level of French in no time!

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201 Essential French Verbs

French verbEnglish translation
accepterto accept
acclamerto cheer, to acclaim
accompagnerto go with, to accompany
accorderto admit
accourirto hurry
accrocherto hang (up)
accueillirto welcome
acheterto buy
acquérirto acquire
adjoindreto appoint
admirerto admire
adorerto adore, to love
agirto act, to behave
aiderto help
aimerto love, to like, to be fond of
ajouterto add
allerto go
allumerturn on
amuserto amuse, to entertain
annoncerto announce
annulerto cancel
appelerto call, to ring
apporterto bring, to supply
apprendreto learn, to hear (about)
apprendre par coeurto memorize
approcherto approach
arracherto pull up/out
arrangerto arrange, to organize
arrêterto stop
arriverto arrive
asseoirto sit down, to sit up
attendreto wait for, to expect
augmenterto increase
avoirto have
avoir besointo have
avoir raisonto be right
blaguerto joke
boireto drink (consume alcohol), to soak up
bougerto move
causerto chat, to cause
changerto change, exchange
chanterto sing
cheminerto walk on
chercherto look for, to seek
choisirto choose
commencerto start, begin
comprendreto understand
compterto count
conduireto drive, lead
confondreto confuse
connaîtreto know, experience
conseillerto recommend
continuerto continue, to go on
coucherto put to bed, to lay down
coûterto cost
craindreto fear, to be afraid of
crierto shout
croireto believe, to think
cuireto cook
danserto dance
déciderto decide
décrireto describe
demanderto ask, to ask for, to seek
dépenserto spend
détesterto hate, to detest
devenirto become
devoirto have to, to must
direto say, tell
donnerto give, give away
dormirto sleep
écrireto write
effacerto erase
embrasserto kiss, to embrace
emmenerto take (somebody), take along
emprunterto borrow
endormirto fall asleep
enregistrerto record
enseignerto teach
entendreto hear, to listen, to understand
entrerto go in, to enter
envoyerto send, to throw, to dispatch, to refer
épelerto spell
épouserto marry, to espouse
essayerto try, try out, test
éteindreto turn off
êtreto be, to being
éviterto avoid
excuserto forgive, to pardon, to excuse
expliquerto explain, to account for
faireto do, to make
faire du malto hurt
falloirto need
féliciterto congratulate
fermerto close, to shut
finirto finish, to end
frapperto knock
gagnerto win, earn
garderto keep, to look after, to guard
geindreto groan
gérerto manage
goûterto taste
haïrto hate
informerto inform
intéresserto interest
inviterto invite
jouerto play
jurerto swear, vow
laisserto leave
laverto clean
lireto read
louerto rent
maintenirto keep, to maintain
mangerto eat
marcherto walk, to march, to go
mélangerto mix
méprendreto mistake
mettreto put, put on, wear
monterto go up, to rise, to come up
montrerto show, to point out
nettoyerto clean
nommerto name
noterto write down
occuperto occupy, to live in, to take up
offrirto offer, to give
oserto dare
oublierto forget
ouvrirto open
pardonnerto forgive, to pardon, to excuse
parlerto speak, talk
partirto go, to leave, to go away
passerto pass, go by, cross
payerto pay
pêcherto fish
penserto think
perdreto lose, to miss
permettreto allow
pleurerto cry
porterto carry, to wear
pouvoirto can, to be able to
préférerto prefer
prendreto take, to get
préparerto prepare, to get ready
présenterto introduce, present
presserto squeeze
prierto pray
quitterto leave, to depart
raconterto tell
rappelerto remind, to remember
recevoirto receive, to get
reconduireto renew
reconnaîtreto recognize
refléterto reflect
refuserto refuse, to turn down
regarderto look at, to watch
rejeterto reject
remercierto thank
remettreto put back
remplacerto replace
rencontrerto meet, to encounter
rendreto return, to give back
rentrerto bring in, to come home
répandreto spread
répéterto repeat
répondreto answer, to reply
ressentirto feel
resterto stay, to remain
retrouverto find, to meet
revenirto come back
revêtirto put on
Rireto laugh
rougirto redden
sauverto save
savoirto know
s’en allerto leave
se débrouillerto cope
se plaindreto complain
se réveillerto wake up
secouerto shake
sentirto smell, to feel
servirto serve
signerto sign
sortirto go out, to take out
souhaiterto wish
soutenirto support
suivreto follow
supposerto suppose, to assume
tenirto hold, to run, to keep
terminerto end, to finish
tirerto pull, to draw
tomberto fall
toucherto touch
tousserto cough
traduireto translate
travaillerto work, to practice
trouverto find
utiliserto use
valoirto hold, to be worth
vendreto sell
venirto come, to occur
visiterto visit
vivreto live
voirto see
vomirto vomit
vouloirto want

Know all verbs by heart? Use the French conjugation chart to learn how to conjugate them. It’s a blueprint that will simply teach you the endings to all important French tenses.

Learning and understanding verbs is the backbone to developing a strong intermediate-level french vocabulary.

The verbs in this list are essential for communicating in french and should be memorized before you move on to the more advanced level.